German History

GERMANY IN TRANSITION, c.1919-1947

TOPIC 1: The rise of the Nazi Party & its consolidation of power, 1919- 34 The political and economic problems of Weimar (weaknesses of Weimar government; the impact of the Treaty of Versailles 1919; effects of economic problems in the 1920s)

  • The early development of the Nazi Party (the consequences of the Munich Putsch; Hitler and ‘Mein Kampf’; impact of Wall St Crash on Nazi support)
  • Political scheming, 1929-1932 (the end of Parliamentary democracy; coalitions of Von Bruning, Von Papen and Von Schleicher)
  • The reasons for Nazi electoral success (the impact of Depression; Hitler’s appeal and promises; fear of Communism; role of SA; use of propaganda)
  • Hitler as Chancellor (the significance of the Reichstag fire; the March election; the Enabling Law; suppression of civil liberties)
  • The move to dictatorship (the events and consequences of the Night of the Long Knives; Hitler becomes Fuhrer)

Topic 2: Changing life for the German people, 1933-1939

  • Tackling economic problems (measures to reduce unemployment; trade unions and the DAF; the Strength through Joy Movement [KdF])
  • The treatment of women and young people (the Three Ks; women and work; controlling education; the Hitler Youth Movement)
  • Extending political control (the use of the SS and the Gestapo; control of the legal system; control over central and regional government)
  • The use of propaganda and censorship (Goebbels and propaganda; the use of rallies, radio and cinema; censorship of newspapers and the arts)
  • Nazi racial policy (the Master Race and ideas of Aryan superiority; the increasing persecution of the Jews between 1933 -1939)
  • The treatment of religion (Nazi views on religion; relations with the Catholic and Protestant churches; the National Reich Church)

Topic 3: War and its impact on life in Germany, 1939-1947

  • Life during the early years, 1939-1941 (initial impact; changing role of women; use of propaganda on the home front)
  • Life during the latter years, 1942-1945 (organisation for Total War; shortages and the black market; effects of Allied bombing; People’s Home Guard)
  • The treatment of Jews during the war years (development of ghettos; special action squads; the reasons for and implementation of the Final Solution)
  • Opposition from civilians (young people: the Edelweiss Pirates: the Swing Youth; the White Rose group; religious groups; actions of Niemoller, von Galen, Bonhoeffer)
  • Opposition from the military (causes and effects of the July Bomb Plot)
  • The defeat of Germany (Allied invasion of Germany; the fall of Berlin and the death of Hitler; the division of Germany)
  • The punishment of Germany (arrest and trial of Nazi leaders for war crimes; the Nuremberg trials; denazification)

WJEC GCSE 2014 MARK SCHEME GERMANY Study in Depth Germany in Trans MS Summer 2014